# 723. Candy Crush 粉碎糖果

@TOC

## # 题目描述

This question is about implementing a basic elimination algorithm for Candy Crush.

Given a `2D` integer array board representing the grid of candy, different positive integers `board[i][j]` represent different types of candies. A value of `board[i][j] = 0` represents that the cell at position `(i, j)` is empty. The given board represents the state of the game following the player's move. Now, you need to restore the board to a stable state by crushing candies according to the following rules:

1. If three or more candies of the same type are adjacent vertically or horizontally, "crush" them all at the same time - these positions become empty.
2. After crushing all candies simultaneously, if an empty space on the board has candies on top of itself, then these candies will drop until they hit a candy or bottom at the same time. (No new candies will drop outside the top boundary.)
3. After the above steps, there may exist more candies that can be crushed. If so, you need to repeat the above steps.
4. If there does not exist more candies that can be crushed (ie. the board is stable), then return the current board.
5. You need to perform the above rules until the board becomes stable, then return the current board.

Example:

``````Input:
board =
[[110,5,112,113,114],[210,211,5,213,214],[310,311,3,313,314],[410,411,412,5,414],[5,1,512,3,3],[610,4,1,613,614],[710,1,2,713,714],[810,1,2,1,1],[1,1,2,2,2],[4,1,4,4,1014]]

Output:
[[0,0,0,0,0],[0,0,0,0,0],[0,0,0,0,0],[110,0,0,0,114],[210,0,0,0,214],[310,0,0,113,314],[410,0,0,213,414],[610,211,112,313,614],[710,311,412,613,714],[810,411,512,713,1014]]

Explanation:
``````

Note:

1. The length of board will be in the range [3, 50].
2. The length of board[i] will be in the range [3, 50].
3. Each board[i][j] will initially start as an integer in the range [1, 2000].

## # 解题方法

### # 暴力

1. 找出行和列中所有相连且相等长度大于三的数字位置。（对于每个位置都向四个方向寻找，类似于炸弹人寻找墙壁）
2. 把这些位置的值设置为0。（此时如果这些位置不存在，则返回结果）
3. 被消除的这些位置应该被消除掉，所以把上面的数字都向下移。（对于每列而言，从下向上查找不为0的数字，放到从下面的倒数位置上）

C++代码如下：

``````class Solution {
public:
vector<vector<int>> candyCrush(vector<vector<int>>& board) {
const int M = board.size();
const int N = board[0].size();
while (true) {
vector<pair<int, int>> del;
for (int i = 0; i < M; ++i) {
for (int j = 0; j < N; ++j) {
if (board[i][j] == 0) continue;
int x0 = i, x1 = i, y0 = j, y1 = j;
while (x0 >= 0 && x0 > i - 3 && board[x0][j] == board[i][j]) x0--;
while (x1 < M && x1 < i + 3 && board[x1][j] == board[i][j]) x1++;
while (y0 >= 0 && y0 > j - 3 && board[i][y0] == board[i][j]) y0--;
while (y1 < N && y1 < j + 3 && board[i][y1] == board[i][j]) y1++;
if (x1 - x0 > 3 || y1 - y0 > 3) {
del.push_back({i, j});
}
}
}
if (del.empty()) break;
for (auto& d : del) {
board[d.first][d.second] = 0;
}
for (int j = 0; j < N; ++j) {
int t = M - 1;
for (int i = M - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
if (board[i][j])
swap(board[i][j], board[t--][j]);
}
}
}
return board;
}
};
``````

## # 日期

2019 年 9 月 21 日 —— 莫生气，我若气病谁如意