804. Unique Morse Code Words 唯一摩尔斯密码词

@TOC

# 题目描述：

International Morse Code defines a standard encoding where each letter is mapped to a series of dots and dashes, as follows: "a" maps to ".-", "b" maps to "-...", "c" maps to "-.-.", and so on.

For convenience, the full table for the 26 letters of the English alphabet is given below:

``````[".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--","-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."]
``````

Now, given a list of words, each word can be written as a concatenation of the Morse code of each letter. For example, "cab" can be written as "-.-.-....-", (which is the concatenation "-.-." + "-..." + ".-"). We'll call such a concatenation, the transformation of a word.

Return the number of different transformations among all words we have.

Example:

``````Input: words = ["gin", "zen", "gig", "msg"]
Output: 2
Explanation:
The transformation of each word is:
"gin" -> "--...-."
"zen" -> "--...-."
"gig" -> "--...--."
"msg" -> "--...--."

There are 2 different transformations, "--...-." and "--...--.".
``````

Note:

• The length of words will be at most 100.
• Each words[i] will have length in range [1, 12].
• words[i] will only consist of lowercase letters.

# 解题方法

# set + map

``````class Solution(object):
def uniqueMorseRepresentations(self, words):
"""
:type words: List[str]
:rtype: int
"""
moorse = [".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--","-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."]
trans = lambda x: moorse[ord(x) - ord('a')]
map_word = lambda word: ''.join([trans(x) for x in word])
res = map(map_word, words)
return len(set(res))
``````

# set + 字典

``````class Solution:
def uniqueMorseRepresentations(self, words):
"""
:type words: List[str]
:rtype: int
"""
morse = [".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--","-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."]
english = ['a','b','c','d','e','f','g','h','i','j','k','l','m','n','o','p','q','r','s','t','u','v','w','x','y','z']
edict = dict(zip(english, morse))
res = set()
for word in words:
mword = ""
for w in word:
mword = mword + edict[w]