# # 【LeetCode】851. Loud and Rich 解题报告（Python）

## # 题目描述：

In a group of N people (labelled 0, 1, 2, ..., N-1), each person has different amounts of money, and different levels of quietness.

For convenience, we'll call the person with label x, simply "person x".

We'll say that richer[i] = [x, y] if person x definitely has more money than person y. Note that richer may only be a subset of valid observations.

Also, we'll say quiet[x] = q if person x has quietness q.

Now, return answer, where answer[x] = y if y is the least quiet person (that is, the person y with the smallest value of quiet[y]), among all people who definitely have equal to or more money than person x.

Example 1:

``````Input: richer = [[1,0],[2,1],[3,1],[3,7],[4,3],[5,3],[6,3]], quiet = [3,2,5,4,6,1,7,0]
Output: [5,5,2,5,4,5,6,7]

Explanation:

Person 5 has more money than 3, which has more money than 1, which has more money than 0.
The only person who is quieter (has lower quiet[x]) is person 7, but
it isn't clear if they have more money than person 0.

Among all people that definitely have equal to or more money than person 7
(which could be persons 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7), the person who is the quietest (has lower quiet[x])
is person 7.

The other answers can be filled out with similar reasoning.
``````

Note:

1. 1 <= quiet.length = N <= 500
2. 0 <= quiet[i] < N, all quiet[i] are different.
3. 0 <= richer.length <= N * (N-1) / 2
4. 0 <= richer[i][j] < N
5. richer[i][0] != richer[i][1]
6. richer[i]'s are all different.
7. The observations in richer are all logically consistent.

## # 解题方法

res[i]代表比i有钱还比i安静的人的序号。 dfs的含义是找出比i有钱还比i安静的人的序号。

``````class Solution:
def loudAndRich(self, richer, quiet):
"""
:type richer: List[List[int]]
:type quiet: List[int]
:rtype: List[int]
"""
m = collections.defaultdict(list)
for i, j in richer:
m[j].append(i)

res = [-1] * len(quiet)

def dfs(i):
if res[i] > 0: return res[i]
res[i] = i
for j in m[i]:
if quiet[res[i]] > quiet[dfs(j)]:
res[i] = res[j]
return res[i]

for i in range(len(quiet)):
dfs(i)
return res
``````

https://leetcode.com/problems/loud-and-rich/discuss/137918/C++JavaPython-Concise-DFS

## # 日期

2018 年 9 月 8 日 ———— 美好的周末，从刷题开始